Oneida County has always been at the center of transportation developments that controlled the growth of New York State and in large measure, the North Eastern United States. Nearly one hundred miles west of the state capital of Albany, Oneida County holds the upper reaches of the Mohawk River flowing eastward to the Hudson River. The County is also the site of streams flowing west to the Great Lakes, North to the St. Lawrence River, and South to the Susquehanna River. The height of land in this east-west watershed divide is the site of the City of Rome. A few miles to the east is the site where the Mohawk River is the most fordable for north-south travel, the City of Utica.